Study 4

Aims and findings of study 4 in early childhood education

Well-being, confidence and social competences

The fourth study concerns the effects of the programmes on the well-being, confidence and social competences of the participating pupils. Various longitudinal studies emphasise the important contribution that social-emotional skills and positive well-being at school make to school success, even at a young age.  

We will ask pedagogical staff from the two early childhood education institutions that took part in study 3 to describe in a semi-structured interview whether they observed changes in the well-being and social-emotional development of the participating children, and whether they believe that these changes are due to the programme (or elements of it). Where possible, we will ask the institution to provide data to support this, using observations conducted prior to and during the programme, which in most cases is normal practice in early childhood education institutions. As the programmes in the early childhood education institutions probably started before this project, a pre-intervention and post-intervention evaluation is not expected to be possible.


Study 1

Analysis of applications

A questionnaire for early childhood centres concerning the type of programme and the instruments used to monitor.

>>> Read more

Study 2

Quantitative analysis

A quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of the programme in terms of the development of pre-school children.

>>> Read more

Study 3

Qualitative case studies

Qualitative case studies in two centres to investigate the effective elements of the programmes.

>>> Read more


Throughout the research, we will work closely together with schools and other sector partners (Council for Primary Education, Dutch Inspectorate of Education, Ministry of Education) to share our research findings – where possible during implementation of the programmes. You can read the results of the studies here.

Proposal NRO

Would you like to view a copy of the research proposal (in Dutch) for these studies? Download it here.


Do you have any questions about the research? Contact us for a general questions or ask the research team.


Are you interested in what other schools/centres are doing? We are sharing the best examples.


Would you like to read about similar research in other schools and centres? All our research is shown here.