Secundary education


Aims and findings of the third study in secondary education

Qualitative case studies

Study C will examine qualitative case studies in a stratified sample of 30 secondary schools that have implemented a funded programme and that are prepared to take part in our research and to work together with us to develop and share expertise. The sample will be determined based on the data from study 1, with the extra criterion that there must be at least 100 participants in the programme (to ensure sufficient statistical distinctive capacity).

We will use the case studies to analyse the implementation of the programmes, the effective elements, and the theory of change of the catch-up and support programmes in more detail. The actual data collection will depend on the timeframe and duration of the interventions in the selected schools, but will consist at a minimum of interviews with the contact person prior to the programme, the programme leaders during the intervention, and the school leadership team on completion of the programme. We will also conduct observations during the programme (where possible), and we will organise a focus group with a panel of teachers and participating pupils during and on completion of the programme. We will therefore obtain an impression of the programme in each school, from design to implementation, along with qualitative observations of effective elements, context and limitations, and the extent to which the theory of change is valid.

Other studies in secondary education


Study A

Analysis of applications

An analysis of the programmes according to type of intervention and effective elements (sample of 500 schools to identify objectives and ideas about the programmes).

>>> Read more


Study B

Quantitative analysis of effectiveness of cognitive learning outcomes

A quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of the programmes in terms of cognitive learning outcomes using data from the learning management systems (LMS).

>>> Read more


Study D

Quantitative evaluation of social-emotional development

An online questionnaire for pupils to measure the effects of the programmes in terms of well-being, confidence and social competences.

>>> Read more


Throughout the research, we will work closely together with schools and other sector partners (Council for Primary Education, Dutch Inspectorate of Education, Ministry of Education) to share our research findings – where possible during implementation of the programmes. You can read the results of the studies here.

Proposal NRO

Would you like to view a copy of the research proposal (in Dutch) for these studies? Download it here.


Do you have any questions about the research? Contact us for a general questions or ask the research team.


Are you interested in what other schools/centres are doing? We are sharing the best examples.


Would you like to read about similar research in other schools and centres? All our research is shown here.