Primary education


Aims and findings of study 4 in primary education

Well-being, confidence and social competences

The fourth study concerns the effects of the programmes on the well-being, confidence and social competences of the participating pupils. Various longitudinal studies emphasise the important contribution that social-emotional skills and positive well-being at school make to school success, even at a young age.

We will ask parents in a stratified sample of primary schools (100 schools from study 1, including the case study schools from study 3 and every school in the Caribbean region) to complete an online questionnaire. This will be done prior to and on completion of the programme, and a questionnaire will also be sent to the parents of pupils who do not take part in the programmes in order to determine the effect of participation.

The online questionnaire will be filled in prior to (in early January) and on completion of the programme.  The schools will be sent a link to the questionnaire, which they can forward to the parents. The parents will then complete the questionnaire on behalf of their child. The questionnaire measures intrinsic motivation (IMI; Deci & Ryan, 2000), academic self-concept (Dutch self-perception profile for children (CBSK): academic skills; Veerman et al., 2004), well-being at school (school questionnaire; Smits & Voorst, 2006) and social acceptance (PRIMA; Vandenberghe et al., 2011).

Other studies in primary education


Study 1

Analysis of applications

A document analysis and interviews about the type of intervention and effective elements.

>>> Read more


Study 2

Quantitative analysis

A quantitative analysis of LMS-NCO data and a survey of the effectiveness on cognitive learning outcomes.

>>> Read more


Study 3

Qualitative case studies

Qualitative case studies to analyse the effective elements of the catch-up programmes.

>>> Read more


Throughout the research, we will work closely together with schools and other sector partners (Council for Primary Education, Dutch Inspectorate of Education, Ministry of Education) to share our research findings – where possible during implementation of the programmes. You can read the results of the studies here.

Proposal NRO

Would you like to view a copy of the research proposal (in Dutch) for these studies? Download it here.


Do you have any questions about the research? Contact us for a general questions or ask the research team.


Are you interested in what other schools/centres are doing? We are sharing the best examples.


Would you like to read about similar research in other schools and centres? All our research is shown here.